All About Springfield
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. The city’s population of 116,250 as of the 2010 U.S. Census makes it the state’s sixth most populous city. It is the largest city in central Illinois. As of 2013, the city’s population was estimated to have increased to 117,006, with just over 211,700 residents living in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Sangamon County and the adjacent Menard County.
Present-day Springfield was settled by European Americans in the late 1810s, around the time Illinois became a state. The most famous historic resident was Abraham Lincoln, who lived in Springfield from 1837 until 1861, when he went to the White House as President. Major tourist attractions include a multitude of historic sites connected with Abraham Lincoln including his presidential museum, his home from 1837 to 1861, his tomb at Oak Ridge Cemetery, and the historical town of New Salem, within a short drive from the city.
If one name is synonymous with Springfield, Illinois, it is Abraham Lincoln. From the day his pioneer family moved to the area, Lincoln loved it and called it his own. He launched his legal career in Springfield, raised his family here and was later laid to rest within its borders.
Lincoln’s legacy is present in the many Springfield historic sites bearing his name. Costumed re-enactors walk the reconstructed village streets of so-called Lincoln’s New Salem, a gathering of timber houses and quaint shops near Springfield, where his family first settled. Downtown offers several important sites within walking distance of each other. At the Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, visitors can tour the house in which Lincoln and his wife raised their children. The home is open every day except major holidays, and entry is free. Nearby, see the Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices, a three-story Greek Revival building, from which Lincoln practiced law with his two partners. A few blocks away stands the Old State Capitol, where before the Civil War Lincoln’s prophetic words, “A house divided against itself cannot stand,” still resonate in the halls. (source: https://www.mapquest.com/us/il/springfield-282038852)
Things To Do In Springfield:
Come Spend A Day In Springfield!
Discover the makings of your legendary vacation in Springfield, IL. Nowhere else can you find a more complete and authentic collection of Abraham Lincoln sites that let you step back in time to walk in the legendary president’s footsteps. Explore the nostalgia of Route 66 or take in the grandeur of the Frank Lloyd-Wright designed Dana-Thomas House. Enjoy farm-to-table restaurants, then shop ‘til you drop at local boutiques, art galleries and antique shops. At the end of your day relax at one of our classic hotels or romantic bed & breakfasts.
Whether you’re looking for a time travel vacation with the family to explore the world of Mr. Lincoln, or just a great girls’ getaway weekend, there’s a special package just waiting for you. And, with new packages being added all the time, you’ll want to check back often. (source: http://www.visitspringfieldillinois.com/)
the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, a state-of-the-art facility built in 2005, is a must-see Springfield attraction. The venue holds the world’s largest collection of biographical material about the sixteenth President and displays the original Gettysburg Address, written in Lincoln’s own handwriting, and the quill pen the President used to sign the Emancipation Proclamation. Here, Lincoln’s life and times can truly be experienced. Live performances and even holographic special effects conjure up the ghosts of Lincoln and his contemporaries, transporting audiences to another time. A 10-minute drive away, in Oak Ridge Cemetery, lies the Lincoln Tomb State Historic Site, a more somber memorial that includes Lincoln’s burial vault.
After a historical tour, explore Springfield’s other top attractions. The capital city hosts the Illinois State Fair in early August every year, providing family fun and agricultural awareness. The original “hot dog on a stick,” or “Cozy Dog,” was first sold at the State Fair in 1946, and hungry travelers can order these tasty treats anytime at the original Cozy Dog restaurant on South Grand Street or at the Cozy Dog Drive-In on South Sixth Street, fondly known as “Route 66.”
There are other kicks on Route 66, the storied highway that runs through Central Illinois and into Springfield. The Route 66 Drive-in Theater, one of a very few drive-ins still open in the United States, shows outdoor flicks from April through September.
Shoppers can browse through a variety of stores throughout Springfield. Sangamon Antique Mall, on Sangamon Street, houses more than 100 dealers of antiquities and kitsch. For more modern wares, visit the department stores and specialty shops of White Oaks Mall in western Springfield or Prairie Crossing on the southwest side of town.
Finally, the Panther Creek Country Club in the city has hosted the LPGA tour since 1976, attracting elite women golfers and spectators every June. (source: https://www.mapquest.com/us/il/springfield-282038852)
Education in Springfield
About Springfield Educational System
Springfield is currently home to six public and private high schools.
The Springfield public school district is District No. 186. District 186 operates 24 elementary schools and an early learning center, (pre-K). District 186 operates three high schools, Lanphier High School, Springfield High School and Springfield Southeast High School, which replaced Feitshans High School in 1967, and five middle schools.
Springfield’s Sacred Heart-Griffin High School is a city Catholic high school. Other area high schools include Calvary Academy and Lutheran High School. Ursuline Academy was a second Catholic high school founded in 1857, first as an all-girls school, and converted to co-ed in 1981. The school was closed in 2007.
Springfield hosts three Universities. One is the University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS, formerly Sangamon State University), which is located on the southeast side of the city. The second is Benedictine University at Springfield located on North Fifth Street (formerly known as Springfield College in Illinois), and the third is Robert Morris University (Illinois), located on Montvale, just off Wabash.
Springfield is also home to a junior college Lincoln Land Community College, located just south of UIS. From 1875 to 1976, Springfield was also home to Concordia Theological Seminary. The seminary was moved back to its original home of Fort Wayne, Indiana, and the campus now serves as the Illinois Department of Corrections Academy.
The city is home to the Springfield campus of the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, which includes a Cancer Institute in Springfield’s Medical District. (source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springfield,_Illinois#Education)
Springfield Public Schools
Springfield School District 186, located in the capital city of Illinois, comprises roughly 15,000 students in grades preK-12.
Basic District 186 Facts
3 high schools (grades 9-12)
7 middle schools (grades 6-8)
22 elementary schools (K-5)
1 Early Learning Center (ages 3-5)
1 Adult Education Center
2 Alternative programs
History of Springfield:
Springfield is rich in history!
Springfield’s original name was Calhoun, after Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. The land that Springfield now occupies was originally settled by trappers and traders who came to the Sangamon River in 1818. The settlement’s first cabin was built in 1820, by John Kelly. It was located at what is now the northwest corner of Second Street and Jefferson Street. In 1821, Calhoun became the county seat of Sangamon County due to fertile soil and trading opportunities. Settlers from Kentucky, Virginia, and as far as North Carolina came to the city. By 1832, Senator Calhoun had fallen out of the favor with the public and the town renamed itself Springfield after Springfield, Massachusetts. At that time, Springfield, Massachusetts was comparable to modern-day Silicon Valley—known for industrial innovation, concentrated prosperity, and the celebrated Springfield Armory. Most importantly, it was a city that had built itself up from frontier outpost to national power through ingenuity – an example that the newly named Springfield, Illinois, sought to emulate. Kaskaskia was the first capital of the Illinois Territory from its organization in 1809, continuing through statehood in 1818, and through the first year as a state in 1819. Vandalia was the second state capital of Illinois from 1819 to 1839. Springfield became the third and current capital of Illinois in 1839. The designation was largely due to the efforts of Abraham Lincoln and his associates; nicknamed the “Long Nine” for their combined height of 54 feet (16 m).
The Potawatomi Trail of Death passed through here in 1838.
Lincoln arrived in the Springfield area when he was a young man in 1831, though he would not actually live in the city until 1837. He spent the ensuing six years in New Salem where he began his legal studies, joined the state militia and was elected to the Illinois General Assembly. In 1837 Lincoln moved to Springfield and spent the next 24 years as a lawyer and politician. Lincoln delivered his Lyceum address in Springfield. His farewell speech when he left for Washington is a classic in American oratory.
Winkle (1998) examines the historiography concerning the development of the Second Party System (Whigs versus Democrats) and applies these ideas to the study of Springfield, a strong Whig enclave in a Democratic region, mainly by studying poll books for presidential years. The rise of the Whig Party took place in 1836 in opposition to the presidential candidacy of Martin Van Buren and was consolidated in 1840. Springfield Whigs tend to validate several expectations of party characteristics as they were largely native-born, either in New England or Kentucky, professional or agricultural in occupation, and devoted to partisan organization. Abraham Lincoln’s career mirrors the Whigs’ political rise, but by the 1840s Springfield began to fall into Democratic hands, as immigrants changed the city’s political makeup. By the 1860 presidential election, Lincoln was barely able to win his home city. (source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springfield,_Illinois#Early_history_and_the_naming_of_Springfield)
Check out Springfield’s Neighborhood
Springfield is a larger medium-sized city located in the state of Illinois. With a population of 116,565 people and 36 constituent neighborhoods, Springfield is the sixth largest community in Illinois.
Springfield is a decidedly white-collar city, with fully 86.42% of the workforce employed in white-collar jobs, well above the national average. Overall, Springfield is a city of sales and office workers, professionals and service providers. There are especially a lot of people living in Springfield who work in office and administrative support (17.26%), sales jobs (9.03%) and management occupations (8.81%).
Also of interest is that Springfield has more people living here who work in computers and math than 95% of the places in the US.
Another interesting thing about Springfield, despite not being a huge city, is that there is a relatively high proportion of people living here who are young, single, and upwardly-mobile professionals. This makes it a good choice for other relocating single professionals. Here, these young singles will find many others like themselves, with opportunities for friendships, socializing, romance, and fun.
Compared to the rest of the country, citizens of Springfield spend much less time in their cars: on average, their commute to work is only 18.79 minutes. This also means that noise and pollution levels in the city are less than they would otherwise be.
The education level of Springfield citizens is very high relative to the national average among all cities (21.84%): 34.86% of adults in Springfield have a bachelor’s degree or even advanced degree.
The per capita income in Springfield in 2010 was $29,621, which is upper middle income relative to Illinois and the nation. This equates to an annual income of $118,484 for a family of four. However, Springfield contains both very wealthy and poor people as well.
Springfield is a very ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Springfield home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Springfield residents report their race to be White, followed by Black or African-American. Important ancestries of people in Springfield include German, Irish, English, Italian, French and Polish. (source: https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/il/springfield/)
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Andrew Cornett is a Branch Manager with LeaderOne Financial Corporation, a mortgage banking firm that was established in 1992 and funds over $1.5 Billion annually in residential real estate purchase and refinance home loans.
Andrew works out of the Springfield , IL mortgage branch office and is licensed for Illinois FHA, VA, USDA, Conventional and Jumbo mortgage programs.